Treatment For Erectile Dysfunction
The inability of a man to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for successful sexual activity is known as erectile dysfunction or male impotence. Erection of the male organ occurs when the arteries carrying blood to the organ widen allowing more blood to flow in, while the veins carrying blood away from it become compressed restricting blood from flowing out. Certain male hormones and nerves also induce and maintain an erection. Abnormalities associated with the proper function of these nervous or hormonal systems, whether due to medication, or disease may impact on a man’s ability to have and sustain an erection and/or experience an orgasm.
Erectile dysfunction may be the result of any number of physical and psychological factors. The malady generally can be classified as to whether it is caused by organic (i.e., due to a bodily organ or organ system malfunction) or psychogenic (mental) factors. Erectile dysfunction may be caused by diseases, nutritional imbalance, trauma, surgical procedures or medications that alter the nervous, vascular or hormonal systems responsible for the erectile function. A combination of these factors could cause erectile dysfunction.
Medications can alleviate the condition; with some men requiring more than one prescription (depending on the response and tolerance of the patient to various medications). However, sufferers are encouraged by their doctors to make lifestyle adjustments to help arrest the underlying cause of the condition. Changes could include improving eating habits, quitting use of tobacco products, moderating alcohol intake and getting regular exercise.
Non-surgical regimes to treat for male impotence aside from oral or topical medication include external vacuum devices, hormonal therapy, penile injection therapy, and intra-urethral pellet therapy. Many who are challenged with male impotence are reluctant to discuss their sexual problems, but sex counseling helps in conjunction with these therapies. In several cases, an experienced urologist combines several of these methods. When none of these methods work, surgical treatment like penile prosthesis is a possible option.
The first oral pill that has achieved such a wide recognition for effective treatment of male impotence is sildenafil citrate (Viagra). It is widely known for helping sufferers of erectile dysfunction achieve erections for successful sexual intercourse. The medication, though, does not improve erections in healthy men; neither is it an aphrodisiac to help increase libido.
Several other drugs are now available in addition to sildenafil citrate. Tadanafil (Cialis), vardenafil (Levitra), and avanafil (Stendra), just like Viagra, prolong the action of a penile enzyme that stimulates arousal, which in turn causes the erection. It has been determined that Cialis can be effective up to 36 hours while Levitra can help sustain an erection from 4 to 16 hours. Stendra is known to take effect within 15 – 30 minutes and could be taken with alcohol.
Just like any medication, intake of erectile dysfunction drugs is not without possible complications. Consultation with a qualified and experienced urologist is still highly recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment and administration of the proper medication dosage.
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